? ●ag倍投|开户联盟首页 加入收藏 网站地图 热点专题 网站搜索?[RSS订阅] [WAP访问] ?
语言选择: English Union | http://en.enun.cn
ag倍投|开户联盟 | www.enun.cn
ag亚游赢钱方法|HOME | ag倍投|开户阅读 | ag倍投|开户写作 | ag倍投|开户听力 | ag倍投|开户语法 | 综合口语| 考试大全 | ag倍投|开户四六 | ag倍投|开户课堂 | 广播ag倍投|开户 | 行业ag倍投|开户 | 出国留学
品牌ag倍投|开户 | 实用ag倍投|开户 | 英文歌曲 | 影视ag倍投|开户 | 幽默笑话 | ag倍投|开户游戏 | 儿童ag倍投|开户 | ag倍投|开户翻译 | ag倍投|开户讲演 | 求职简历 | 奥运ag倍投|开户 | 英文祝福
广告出售QQ:362192 广告出售QQ:362192
背景:#EDF0F5 #FAFBE6 #FFF2E2 #FDE6E0 #F3FFE1 #DAFAF3 #EAEAEF 默认 ?
阅读内容

Metal Terminology (A)金属术语A-Z

Metal Terminology (A)金属术语A

[日期:2007-04-26] ? [字体: ]

ACCORDION REED STEEL
Hardened, tempered, polished and blued or yellow flat steel with dressed edges. Carbon content about 1.00%. Material has to possess good flatness, uniform hardness and high elasticity.

?

ACID-BRITTLENESS
Brittleness resulting from pickling steel in acid; hydrogen, formed by the interaction between iron and acid, is partially absorbed by the metal, causing acid brittleness.

?


ACID-PROCESS
A process of making steel, either Bessemer, open-hearth or electric, in which the furnace is lined with a siliceous refractory and for which low phosphorous pig iron is required as this element is not removed.

?

ACID-STEEL
The term has no reference to the acidity of the steel. (See Acid Process.)


AGE HARDENING
The term as applied to soft or low carbon steels, relates to slow, gradual changes that take place in properties of steels after the final treatment. These changes, which bring about a condition of increased hardness, elastic limit, and tensile strength with a consequent loss in ductility, occur during the period in which the steel is at normal temperatures.


AGING
Spontaneous change in the physical properties of some metals, which occurs on standing, at atmospheric temperatures after final cold working or after a final heat treatment. Frequently synonymous with the term “Age-Hardening.”

?


AIR COOLING
Cooling of the heated metal, intermediate in rapidity between slow furnace cooling and quenching, in which the metal is permitted to stand in the open air.

?

AIR HARDENING STEEL
Alloy steel which may be hardened by cooling in air from a temperature above the transformation range. Such steels attain their martensitic structure without going through the quenching process. Additions of chromium, nickel, molybdenum and manganese are effective toward this end.

?


AISI STEELS
Steels of the American Iron and Steel Institute. Common and alloy steels have been numbered in a system essentially the same as the SAE. The AISI system is more elaborate than the SAE in that all numbers are preceded by letters: “A” represents basic open-hearth alloy steel, “B” acid Bessemer carbon steel, “C” basic open-hearth carbon steel, “CB” either acid Bessemer or basic open-hearth carbon steel, “E” electric furnace alloy steel.

?

ALCLAD
The common name for a type of clad wrought aluminum products, such as sheet and wire, with coatings of high-purity aluminum or an aluminum alloy different from the core alloy in composition. The coatings are anodic to the core so they protect exposed areas on the core electrolytically during exposure to corrosive environments.

?


ALLOTROPY
(See Polymorphism)

?

ALLOY
(Met.) Metal prepared by adding other metals or non-metals to a basic metal to secure desirable properties.

?

ALLOY STEEL
Steel containing substantial quantities of elements other than carbon and the commonly-accepted limited amounts of manganese, sulfur, silicon, and phosphorous. Addition of such alloying elements is usually for the purpose of increased hardness, strength or chemical resistance. The metals most commonly used for forming alloy steels are: nickel, chromium, silicon, manganese, tungsten, molybdenum and vanadium. “Low Alloy” steels are usually considered to be those containing a total of less than 5% of such added constituents.

?

ALPHA BRASS
A copper-zinc alloy containing up to 38% of zinc. Used mainly for cold working.

?

ALPHA BRONZE
A copper-tin alloy consisting of the alpha solid solution of tin in copper. Commercial forms contain 4 or 5% of tin. This alloy is used in coinage, springs, turbine, blades, etc.

?

ALPHA IRON
The polymorphic form of iron, stable below 1670癋. has a body centered cubic lattice, and is magnetic up to 1410?F.

?

ALUMINUM
(Chemical symbol Al) Element No. 13 of the periodic system;. Atomic weight 26.97; silvery white metal of valence 3; melting point 1220癋.; boiling point approximately 4118癋.; ductile and malleable; stable against normal atmospheric corrosion, but attacked by both acids and alkalis. Aluminum is used extensively in articles requiring lightness, corrosion resistance, electrical conductivity, etc. Its principal functions as an alloy in steel making are; (1) Deoxidizes efficiently (See Aluminum Killed Steel) (2) Restricts grain growth (by forming dispersed oxides or nitrides) (3) Alloying element in nitriding steel.

?

ALUMINUM KILLED STEEL
A steel where aluminum has been used as a deoxidizing agent. (See Killed Steel.)


AMORPHOUS
Non-crystalline.


ANNEALING
A heating and cooling operation implying usually a relatively slow cooling. Annealing is a comprehensive term. The process of such a heat treatment may be: to remove stresses; to induce softness; to alter ductility; toughness; electrical magnetic, or other physical properties; to refine the crystalline structure; to remove gases; to produce a definite micro-structure. In annealing, the temperature of the operation and the rate of cooling depend upon the material being heat treated and the purpose of the treatment.

?

ANODIZING (Aluminum Anodic Oxide Coating)
A process of coating aluminum by anodic treatment resulting in a thin film of aluminum oxide of extreme hardness. A wide variety of dye colored coatings are possible by impregnation in process.

?

ARTIFICIAL AGING
An aging treatment above room temperature. (See Precipitation Heat Treatment and compare with Natural Aging)


A.S.T.M.
Abbreviation for American Society for Testing Material. An organization for issuing standard specifications on materials, including metals and alloys.

?

AUSTEMPERING
A trade name for a patented heat treating process that consists of quenching a ferrous alloy from temperature above the transformation ranges, in a medium having a rate of heat abstraction sufficiently high to prevent the formation of high-temperature transformation products and in maintaining the alloy, until transformation is complete, at a temperature below that of pearlite formations and above that of martensite formation.


AUSTENITE
Phase in certain steels, characterized as a solid solution, usually off carbon or iron carbide, in the gamma form of iron. Such steels are known as “austenitic”. Austenite is stable only above 1333癋. in a plain carbon steel, but the presence of certain alloying elements, such as nickel and manganese, stabilizes the austenitic form, even at normal temperatures.


AUSTENITIC STEEL
Steel which, because of the presence of alloying elements, such as manganese, nickel, chromium, etc., shows stability of Austenite at normal temperatures.

【内容导航】
第 1 页: Metal Terminology (A)金属术语A 第 2 页: Metal Terminology (B)金属术语B
第 3 页: Metal Terminology (C)金属术语C 第 4 页: Metal Terminology (D-E)金属术语D-E
第 5 页: Metal Terminology (F)金属术语F 第 6 页: Metal Terminology (G-H)金属术语G-H
第 7 页: Metal Terminology (I-L)金属术语I-L 第 8 页: Metal Terminology (M)金属术语M
第 9 页: Metal Terminology (N-O)金属术语N-O 第 10 页: Metal Terminology (P)金属术语P
第 11 页: Metal Terminology (Q-R)金属术语Q-R 第 12 页: Metal Terminology (S)金属术语S
第 13 页: Metal Terminology (T-U)金属术语T-U 第 14 页: Metal Terminology (V-Z)金属术语V-Z
  ?免责声明:本站信息仅供参考,版权和着作权归原作者所有! 如果您(作者)发现侵犯您的权益,请与我们联系:QQ-362192,本站将立即删除!
?
阅读:

推荐 】 【 打印
相关新闻 ? ? ? 冶金?
本文评论 ? ? ? 全部评论
发表评论

点评: 字数
姓名:
内容查询

热门专题
 图片新闻